The Tuskegee Syphilis Study-Applying the Four Ethical Principles

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study-Applying the Four Ethical Principles

Order Description

To prepare for this Application, review this week’s Learning Resources, paying close attention to those related to the four ethical principles and the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Consider how the four ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficense, and justice can be applied to this historic case.

To complete this Application, write a 1- to 2-page paper that addresses the following:

Summarize the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.

Identify how each of the four ethical principles can be applied to the case.

What are some of the legal and ethical lessons that can be learned from the Syphilis Tuskegee Study?

Your written assignments must follow APA guidelines. Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate. Refer to the Essential Guide to APA Style for Walden Students to ensure your in-text citations and reference list are correct.

• Required Resources
• Course Text: Law and Ethics for the Health Professions
o Chapter 5, “Professional Liability and Medical Malpractice”

Each of us have certain legal responsibilities or liabilities. This chapter introduces the concepts of professional liability in health care and medical malpractice when those responsibilities are breached.
o Chapter 7, “Medical Records and Informed Consent”

This chapter examines the role that the doctrine of informed consent plays in the relationship between patients and providers.
o Chapter 8, “Privacy Law and HIPAA”

Few things are more personal than an individual’s medical information. This chapter focuses on privacy and maintaining the proper controls over medical information to protect the patient and the provider.
Optional Resources
• Course Text: Medical Law, Ethics, and Bioethics for the Health Professions

o Chapter 4, “Legal Guidelines for Health Professionals”
o Chapter 5, “Regulations and Professional Liability for Health Professionals”

• Review the articles below for the Application Assignment

• Article: Gillon, R. (1994). Medical ethics: Four principles plus attention to scope. British Medical Journal, 309(6948), 184. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

The four principles of medical ethics present an extremely useful tool for considering complex ethical situation and will for a basis to support your ethical reasoning throughout this course. This article introduces the four principles.
• Article: Macklin R. (2003). Applying the four principles. Journal of Medical Ethics, 29(5), 275-280. Retrieved from

This article examines the practical application if the four ethical principles.

• Article: Walker, C. (2009). Lest we forget: The Tuskegee experiment. Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 13(1), 5-6. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

The historic Tuskegee Study presents a chilling example of why medical ethics are so important as well as how law and ethics do not always agree. This article examines the study and its legacy.
• Article: Gamble, V. (1997). Under the shadow of Tuskegee: African Americans and health care. American Journal of Public Health, 87(11), 1773-1778. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

This article examines historical and social context of the Tuskegee Study and its impact on the contemporary relationship between African Americans and the biomedical community.
• Article: Knowledge of the Tuskegee syphilis study continues to limit participation of blacks in medical research. (2001). AHRQ Research Activities, (249), 20-21. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

This article takes another look at the impact that the Tuskegee Study has had, and continues to have, on the African American communities’ willingness to participate in medical research.

• Article: National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. (2009). The Tuskegee timeline.
Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website:

A timeline of the infamous Tuskegee Study.


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