## SPSS – Correlation

SPSS – Correlation
Correlation analyses are a set of statistical tests used to determine whether there are relationships between two or more variables. At their most basic level, simple

bivariate correlations, using Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation test, are used to assess the initial relationship between two scale (numerical) variables. For

example, a researcher might be interested in understanding the bivariate relationship between several business variables; however, it is important to note that

correlation does not imply causality.

For this Assignment, you will run a Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient analysis using the Week 5 Data File for the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation

Coefficient.sav data file.

To prepare for this Assignment, review Lesson 16A and Lesson 31 in your Green and Salkind (2017) text, as well as the Week 5 Assignment Exemplar and Week 5 Assignment

Template documents, provided in this week’s Resources. Consider how a correlation analysis would effectively allow you to answer your research questions.

By Day 7
Submit a synthesis of statistical findings derived from correlational analysis that follows the Week 5 Assignment Template. Your synthesis must include the following:

A description and justification for using the Pearson Product-Moment correlation test
A properly formatted research question
A properly formatted H0(null) and H1 (alternate) hypothesis
An APA-formatted “Results” section for the Pearson Product-Moment test
Identification of the statistical test
Identification of variables (there is no distinction between independent and dependent variables for the Pearson Product-Moment correlation test)
Identification of data assumptions and assessment outcome
Inferential results in correct APA statistical notation format
A properly formatted scatter plot
An explanation of the differences and similarities of correlation analysis and bivariate regression analysis
Properly APA-formatted references
An Appendix containing SPSS output (see Week 5 Assignment Exemplar)
Note: You will cut and paste the appropriate SPSS output into the Appendix. The SPSS output is not in APA format, so you will need to type the information from the

SPSS output to the appropriate sections of the APA table. You must use the Week 5 Assignment Template to complete this Assignment. Also, refer to the Week 5 Assignment

Rubric for specific grading elements and criteria. Your Instructor will use this rubric to assess your work.

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK5Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
Click the Week 5 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
Click the Week 5 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK5Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.

Important Note: Some of the readings found in this course are more than 5 years old. Although we strive to use current references whenever possible, several of the

articles/resources found in this course are seminal, or foundational, works.

Green, S. B., & Salkind, N. J. (2017). Using SPSS for Windows and Macintosh: Analyzing and understanding data (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Unit 8, “Correlation, Regression, and Discriminant Analysis Procedures”
Lesson 31, “Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient” ( 187–192)
Bleske-Rechek, A., Morrison, K. M., & Heidtke, L. D. (2015). Causal inference from descriptions of experimental and non-experimental research: Public understanding of

correlation-versus-causation. Journal of General Psychology, 142(1), 48–70. doi:10.1080/00221309.2014.977216

Coogan, L. L. (2015). Teaching across courses: Using the concept of related markets from economics to explain statistics’ causation and correlations. B>Quest, 1–10.

Document: Week 5 Assignment Exemplar (Word Document)

Document: Week 5 Assignment Template (Word Document)

Required Software
IBM SPSS Statistics Standard GradPack (current version). Available in Windows and Macintosh versions.