Sexual Exploitation of Children and Young people

Sexual Exploitation of Children and Young people

Annotated Bibliography Essay
Module Title – Sexual Exploitation of Children and Young People
Key words – Child abuse, Sexual Exploitation and Children

Approved Journal/Articles are;
1) Chase, E., Stratham, J., (2005).Commercial and Sexual Exploitation of Children and Young People in the UK – A Review, Vol.14: 4 – 25 }

2) Shannon, D., (2008).   Online Sexual Grooming in Sweden Online and Offline Sex Offences against Children as Described in Swedish Police Data, Vol. 9: pp 160-180

3) Brown, K. (2006). Participation and Young People Involved in Prostitution, Vol. 294 – 312

Approved Books are; (Summarize the book or one chapter from each book)

1) Prevailing voices in debates over child prostitution. In: Dewey, S. and Kelly, P. (eds) Policing Pleasure Sew Work, Policy and the State in Global Perspective. New

York: New York University Press (2011)
2) Pearce, J. J., (2009) Young People and Sexual Exploitation -‘It’s not hidden, you just aren’t looking’. TJ International Ltd, Great Britain
3) Quayle, E., Ribisl. K.M., (2012), Understanding and Preventing Online Sexual Exploitation of Children. Great Britain

Approved Websites (Please focus on the section addressing sexual eploitation)
2) Barnados

Students are required to assess three journal articles, three websites, and three books/book chapters and summarise their content in 150-200 words per entry

An annotated bibliography is a descriptive and critical list of research sources. There are three key elements: bibliographic data; a concise summary of each source;

and some assessment of its value or relevance. The sources should be presented in alphabetical order under the headings of journal articles, books/book chapters and


What is an annotated bibliography?
1. Bibliographic data
– Full reference as per Harvard referencing
– Alphabetical under each heading
2. Concise summary of each source
– Identify key question/hypothesis/argument
– What theory is used to make sense of data?
– Author’s perspective
3. Assessment of its relevance and/or value
• New connections?
• Fills a gap in knowledge
Acceptable sources
• Books/book chapters
– Academic rather than populist
• Journal articles
– Peer-reviewed academic journals
• Not online essays, blogs, magazine articles
• Full length (e.g. not commentaries/book reviews)
• Can be ‘early online view’ (available at the journal website but not
yet assigned an issue or in hard copy)
• Websites
– You should assess, and reference, the whole website – not just
a page on it
– In your commentary you can focus on the section addressing
sexual exploitation

Example 1
• Jordan, Fiona and Aitchison, Cara (2008) ‘Tourism and the sexualisation of the
gaze: solo female tourists’ experiences of gendered power, surveillance and
embodiment’, Leisure Studies, 27:3, pp. 329 – 349
• Journal article outlining research on inter subjective intrusions experienced by women in the context of being a tourist. Authors coming from a tourism studies

perspective rather than looking at these experiences as a form of gendered violence. The authors do, however, link the notion of the gaze with Foucault’s

conceptualization of surveillance, arguing that it is not disembodied surveillance but the gazes of the men that women encounter in everyday space that most encourage

self surveillance. The gaze is thus seen as an intrusion that operationalises power, though the implications this has for women’s experience of self not explored, nor

is the argument extended beyond tourist spaces. Through focusing on women’s experiences in tourist spaces of being gazed at by local men, article lacks a perspective

of these intrusions as commonplace/normalized/invisible, not analyzing the ways in which the experiences are mirrored by/differ from those the women experience in

their home country.

Example 2
• Friesen, Norm; Chung, Grace and Feenberg, Andrew (2006) ‘Experiencing
Surveillance: A Phenomenological Approach’, Draft Paper, Ipseity,, 20th

June 2010.
• Draft paper available online but unpublished. Authors from a critical communication theory background. Paper looks at phenomenology as a methodology for gaining an

understanding of the body as embedded in lived experience. Phenomenology is thus suggested as a useful method through which to examine the experiential reality of

Foucault’s surveillance. The contribution and similarity of feminist to phenomenological theory is overlooked. The authors follow Sartre in making an argument for

things to be described not as if ‘from nowhere’ but instead as they are lived, tied up in our subjectivity, projects and intentions, however do so without reference to

the feminist tradition, stemming from de Beauvoir, to start with the self as lived. As such paper is useful for a methodological discussion rather than assisting in

theoretical framing.

• Same style as for books/chapters/articles
• Must be a website NOT ONE PAGE on a website
• Give full reference for the website e.g.
• Summarise content
– Materials (publications, resources)
– What can be downloaded?
– Links (e.g. find a local service)
• Identify the audience- who is it for? (might be more than
– Academics/researchers
– Activists and campaigners
– Practitioners
• Usefulness

Example 3
• This is the website of the Wisconsin K-12 Energy Education Program (KEEP). KEEP was created to help promote energy education in Wisconsin and is the product of an

innovative public/private partnership between educators and energy
professionals. The site provides energy education resources in downloadable PDF files including hands-on, interdisciplinary lessons that are aligned with Wisconsin’s

academic standards and make energy relevant to students’ lives. The site also has
a section designed to help teachers and students investigate energy use in their schools and discover ways to conserve it, information on energy resources, and website



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