Sci and Tech Policy II

Sci and Tech Policy II

Order Description

Answer the questions below. Each question should not take a more than FOUR sentences to answer. Read from the sources provided to answer questions. Do not use direct

quotations from answers. *Citation by page number.
FRONTIERS OF ILLUSION By SAREWITZ ISBN: 9781566394161 Chapter 1 to 8
Question 1
Vannevar Bush makes the argument that the government has a responsibility to fund basic scientific research.  Why, according to Bush, is this necessary?
Question 2
What is the myth of infinite benefit?
Question 3
What are two problems that widespread belief in the myth of infinite benefit causes, according to Sarewitz?
Question 4
Vannevar Bush believed that the government should not attempt to direct scientists’ research, because society would benefit the most if scientists were free to pursue

their own curiosity. Sarewitz calls this the Myth of Unfettered Research and argues that it is based on two assumptions that are untrue.  What are these assumptions?

What does Sarewitz say is true instead?
Question 5
A number of the authors provide show us how research directions are determined, and what forces constrain them. Making specific reference to our readings, explain 3

separate processes that constrain research directions.
Question 6
What does the Bayh-Dole act enable universities and small businesses to do?
Question 7
What is the rationale for the Bayh-Dole Act?
Question 8
What are the major arguments against the Bayh-Dole Act that we’ve encountered?
Question 9
When scientists think of “accountability,” according to Sarewitz, what are they holding themselves accountable for?
Question 10
Sarewitz suggests that scientists should be held accountable for more than what they usually think of.  What else does he want them to be accountable for?
Question 11
In arguing that technologies have politics, Langdon Winner gives us concrete examples of why researchers’ ideas about accountability need to be broadened.  Explain

what he means when he says that some technologies are inherently political.  Then explain why the political nature of technology makes expanded notions of

accountability important.
Question 12
Why, according to Sarewitz, does better scientific research not automatically result in better public policies?  Give at least 2 reasons.
Question 13
According to Brian Wynne, sheep farmers were ill-served by government scientists’ advice for two different kinds of reasons.  What were they?
Question 14
Articles by Sclove and Irwin, highlighted several important decisions that designers of “consensus conferences” and other forms of participatory technology assessment

need to make, and discussed some of the tradeoffs entailed in each.  Describe 2 of these decisions and explain the advantages and disadvantages of the major options.


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