## Obesity

Obesity

Death rate in the UAE

We chose this topic to show the most common way that causes death in the United Arab Emirates. Since we encounter lots of accidents in the highways; most of which are due to speeding.
Death rate is the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 populations at midyear; also known as crude death rate. Age distribution and population are primary aspects of death rate. Most countries will show a rise in the overall death rate, even though these aspects are low.
(United Arab Emirates – Death rate – Historical Data Graphs per Year. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=tc&v=26 )

Factors:
Falls/Falling Object
Suicide
Poisoning
Fire/Flame Burn
Drowning
Homicide
Electricity
Drugs
Other

The following table and pie chart show the number of Injury deaths in each year from 2008 to 2013. We took this table from health authority Abu Dhabi.
Injury deaths
Cases, by Year*
Mechanism     2008    2009    2010    2011    2012    2013
Road Traffic Injuries     430    456    379    342    303    365
Falls/Falling Object     56    55    66    64    55    66
Suicide     66    52    42    47    62    49
Poisoning     3    12    10    7    16    24
Fire/Flame; Burn    15    25    8    18    8    22
Drowning     14    23    17    12    29    20
Homicide    11    16    10    7    12    19
Electricity     11    20    6    14    11    8
Other    17    21    13    26    18    18
Total     623    680    551    537    514    591
Total Average=    582.67    Total Max=    680.00    Total Range=    166.00
Total Median=    571.00    Total Min=    514.00

Description:
Injuries are the second leading cause of death (19.6%) and healthy life years lost in Abu Dhabi. Fatal injuries are caused primarily by road traffic (62%), followed by injuries due to falls and falling objects (11%), and suicide (8%). Occupational injuries and childhood injuries are accounting for 18.4% and 12.2% of total injury deaths, respectively.

Years    No. Of Deaths
2008    430
2009    456
2010    379
2011    342
2012    303
2013    365

Correlation coefficient (r)=    0.77892254

There is a moderate negative linear correlation between the year and number of deaths due to road traffic injuries, with r= -0.78. Which means that each year deaths due to road traffic injuries is decreasing.

Road Traffic Deaths for the year 2013    Percentage

Car    55%
Pedestrian    18%
Truck    7%
Bus    6%
Pickup/Van/Minibus    6%
Motorcycle    2%
Bicycle    1%
All-terrain vehicle    1%
Unknown/Other    5%

Description:
Most road traffic deaths in the UAE for the year 2013 are caused by car accidents, which is nearly 55%. The second leading cause is pedestrian so this shows that people crossing the road should be cautious and only cross in instructed areas. Accidents caused by buses, minibuses, pickups and vans, are tied up to 6%. The lowest result for road traffic deaths is bicycle and all-terrain vehicle with an estimate of 1%. Lastly, the other 5% of deaths are caused by other reason that is mostly “unknown”.

Childhood Injury Deaths          (0-19 yrs)    Percentage

Falls/Falling object    8%
Homicide    8%
Drowning    7%
Poisoning    4%
Other    13%

Description:
Road traffic injuries is the leading cause of childhood deaths between ages 1-19 with around 60% which is a great number compared to the other causes. The second drops down to 13% with “other”. Falling objects and homicide estimate around 8%. While poisoning comes down to the least cause which is around 4%.

Deaths by Age Groups – Emirate of Dubai
Age Groups    2011    2012    2013

1-9    43    42    32
10-19    39    32    33
20-29    157    169    179
30-39    238    270    288
40-49    279    328    317
50-59    307    374    367
60-69    271    279    305
70+    455    499    604
Total     1,789      1,993      2,125
Source: Dubai Health Authority