Neurological and Musculoskeletal Disorders

An understanding of the neurological and musculoskeletal systems is a critically important component of
disease and disorder diagnosis and treatment. This importance is magnified by the impact that that these two
systems can have on each other. A variety of factors and circumstances affecting the emergence and severity
of issues in one system can also have a role in the performance of the other.
Effective analysis often requires an understanding that goes beyond these systems and their mutual impact.
For example, patient characteristics such as, racial and ethnic variables can play a role.
An understanding of the symptoms of alterations in neurological and musculoskeletal systems is a critical step
in diagnosis and treatment. For APRNs this understanding can also help educate patients and guide them
through their treatment plans.
In this Assignment, you examine a case study and analyze the symptoms presented. You identify the elements

that may be factors in the diagnosis, and you explain the implications to patient health.

Scenario: Patient is a 24-year-old female administrative assistant who comes to the emergency department
with a chief complaint of severe right-sided headache. She states that this is the sixth time in the last 2 months
she has had this headache. She says the headaches last 2–3 days and have impacted her ability to
concentrate at work. She complains of nausea and has vomited three times in the last 3 hours. She states, “the
light hurts my eyes.” She rates her pain as a 10/10 at this time. Ibuprofen and acetaminophen ease her
symptoms somewhat but do not totally relieve them. No other current complaints.
In your Case Study Analysis related to the scenario provided, in 1-2page (MAX) explain the following:
• Both the neurological and musculoskeletal pathophysiologic processes that would account for the patient
presenting these symptoms.
• Any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning.
• How these processes interact to affect the patient.

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