Multiprogramming and multitasking operating systems

Question 1 [12 marks]
Dorathy and James are having a debate about multiprogramming and multitasking
operating systems and their overall efficiency. Dorathy says the two concepts are
the same and are dependent on each other. On the other hand, James says these
are two different concepts and they are not dependent on each other. Is anyone of
them right? Give your inputs on both Dorathy and James’s arguments. Briefly also
explain the key difference between the two. You may use a diagram(s) to support
your answer.
Question 2 [8 marks]
Naota group of companies’ CC is an upcoming business that specializes in data
mining. They are in a process of setting up their IT system, and they have
consulted you for advice on the operating system they should use. They are stuck
between Windows and Linux OS. As a computer expert, what will you advise and
why? Secondly, when is the Windows operating system preferable than Linux, and
like wisely, when is Linux more preferable than windows?
Question 3 [4 marks]
Discuss 4 the key difference between the Windows file system and the Linux file
system.
Question 4 [8 marks]
Resource management is one of the key functions of an operating system. Briefly
name and explain four resources that are managed by your computer.
Question 5
System Administrators play a major role in every IT department. Their
responsibilities range from planning, developing, installation, configuration, and
maintenance of corporate hardware, software, and any related IT infrastructure.
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Their lives revolve around diagnosing and resolving performance issues to ensure
optimal performance and reliability in a company. For smooth operations, System
Administrators use various tools for configuration, troubleshooting, and diagnosis.
a) Name and explain five windows tools that administrators use in their everyday
lives.
[10 marks]
b) One more role of System Administrators is creating users and groups. This
concept is the same in both Windows and Linux. Explain why it is important
that each user have a separate user profile/account.
[4 marks]
c) What is the relevance of placing users in groups as far as user management is
concerned? [5 marks]
d) For security reasons, password length is amongst others one of the
fundamentals password setting that administrators take into account when
creating user accounts. Name and explain six other password essentials that
administrators should consider when creating users and groups?
[12 marks]
Question 6 [7 marks]
The Windows operating system is proprietary owned by Microsoft, while Linux is
an Open-source software or operating system. This means that the source code
for Linux is freely available for anyone to inspect, modify, and enhance. Explain
the advantages and disadvantages of using open-source software and those of
proprietary owned software, e.g. Microsoft Windows.
[Total 70 marks]

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