Leadership theories and culture
Answer this QuestionsQuestion One:
a) Explain the dimension of ‘power distance’ as defined by Hofstede. What does it mean when a culture is high on power distance?
b) How would power distance be reflected in employment relations and decision making when looking at: – the implementation of the company strategy; – Information and consultation of employees
Hall developed a theory in which cultures are divided between a high-context and low-context culture?
a) Explain the difference between a culture of high-context and a culture of low- context.
b) How much are public and private spaces divided in each type of culture and how is this visible in the lay-out of offices and the use of space?
c) How are business meetings different between the two types of cultures andhow would communication generally be different when comparing bothcultures? What could be the problems when both members of a high-contextculture and a low context culture would have to make business decisions?
a. There are several theories of workplace motivation. Explain one content theory of workplace motivation and one process theory of workplace motivation.
b. How are the theories explained above relevant when applying them to workplaces from different cultures backgrounds.
The GLOBE research showed that people within cultural groups agree in their beliefs about leadership; these beliefs are represented by 6 leadership profiles developed for each national culture and cluster of cultures.
a. Identify 3 out of the 6 Globe leadership profiles and briefly discuss the features?
b. What leadership profile would you expect to be most effective for an expatriate Chinese manager to lead his North American team?
a) Give the main reasons for the fact that diversity is now on the agenda of all bigCompanies as a major policy.
b) Which HR-instruments are, in your view, crucial for such a diversity policy ofOrganisations and why?
Explain the differences between the ethnocentric, polycentric and geocentric approach of Multinational Corporations (MNCs). What is the role of the headquarters of an MNC in each approach with regard to the implementation of International HRM policies? Give examples of each type of MNCs?
1. How is femininity, as a dimension of national culture, related to aspects of employment relations and the work organisation?
2. What would you expect to be more common as a style of leadership within a culture with a high power distance?
3. How would the dimension of collectivism or individualism, in terms of the research by Hofstede impact on the support for the welfare state?
provide a definitions to each of the concepts based on Hofstede’s (2010) cultural dimensions theory.
1- Power distance (definition)
2- Uncertainty avoidance (definition)
3- Individualism v. Collectivism (definition)
4- Masculinity v. Femininity (definition)