Framework for Analyzing Employment Relationships PowerPoint Presentation

Framework for Analyzing Employment Relationships PowerPoint Presentation ;

Project instructions:
(1) Please review the Framework for Analyzing Employment Relationships, Chapter 2 Supplemental slide which can be accessed within a supplement to Chapter 2

(2) Provide one example of a job for each of the four quadrants of the framework. That is, you are to provide examples of four different occupations and indicate in which one of the four quadrants a specific job can be categorized.

Chapter 2
Strategy: The Totality of Decisions
2 – *

Learning Objectives

Similarities and differences in strategies
Strategic choices
Support business strategy
Support HR strategy
The pay model guides strategic pay decisions
Learning Objectives

Developing a total compensation strategy: four steps
Source of competitive advantage: three tests
?Best Practices? versus ?Best Fit??
Guidance from the evidence
Virtuous and vicious circles

Exhibit 2.1 – Three Compensation Strategies

Similarities and Differences
in Strategies

Different strategies within the same industry
Different strategies within the same company
Strategic Choices

Strategy: Fundamental directions that an organization chooses
Strategic perspective
Compensation choices that help the organization gain competitive advantage
Exhibit 2.2 – Strategic Choices

Support Business Strategy

Aligns pay systems with organization’s business strategy
Better the alignment, more effective is the organization
Contingency notion
Change in business strategies should result in change, pay systems
Exhibit 2.3 – Tailor the Compensation System to the Strategy

Support Business Strategy

Customer focused business strategy
Stresses delighting customers and bases employee pay on how well they do this
Cost leadership strategy- Firms that cut costs
Differentiation strategy
Unique and innovative product or service at a premium price
Support HR Strategy

AMO theory
P (Performance) = f(A,M,O)
A- Ability
M- Motivation
O- Opportunity
HR systems will be most effective when:
Employee ability is developed through selective hiring and training
Support HR Strategy

Compensation system motivates employees
Roles allow employees to be involved in decision making
Exhibit 2.5 – Fit Between HR Strategy and Compensation Strategy and Effectiveness

The Pay Model Guides Strategic Pay Decisions

Strategic compensation choices
Internal alignment
External competitiveness
Employee contributions
Stated strategies – Written compensation strategies
Unstated strategies – Inferred from the pay decisions
Developing A Total Compensation Strategy: Four Steps

Step 1 – Assess total compensation implications
Step 2 – Map a total compensation strategy
Step 3 – Implement strategy
Step 4 – Reassess
Exhibit 2.6 – Key Steps in Formulating a Total Compensation Strategy

Step 1 – Assess Total Compensation Implications

Business strategy and competitive dynamics- Understand the business
Changing customer needs
Competitors? actions
Changing labor market conditions
Changing laws
Assess global competitive dynamics

Step 1 – Assess Total Compensation Implications
HR strategy – Pay as a supporting player or catalyst for change?
Pay strategy
Is influenced by how it fits with other HR systems
Can be a supporting player, as in the high-performance approach
Can take the lead and be a catalyst for change

Step 1 – Assess Total Compensation Implications
Guide an employer’s behavior and treatment of employees
Reflected in the pay system
Social and political context
Legal and regulatory requirements
Cultural differences
Changing workforce
Affects compensation choices

Step 1 – Assess Total Compensation Implications
Employee preferences
How to better satisfy individual needs and preferences
May confuse employees
Challenging to design and manage
Requires meeting codes and regulations

Step 1 – Assess Total Compensation Implications
Union preferences
Affect pay strategy
Unions’ interests can differ
Compensation deals with unions can be costly to change

Step 2 – Map a Total Compensation Strategy
Strategic map
Provides compensation strategy based on pay model
Clarifies the message that company is trying to establish with its compensation system
Does not tell which strategy is best but provides a framework and guidance
Exhibit 2.8 – Contrasting Maps of Microsoft and SAS

Steps 3 and 4 – Implement and Reassess

Step 3
Involves implementing the strategy through :
The design and execution of the compensation system
Step 4
Recognizes that the strategy must change to fit changing conditions
Involves periodic reassessment

Sources of Competitive Advantage: Three Tests
Is it aligned?
With the business strategy
Externally with the economic and socio-political conditions
Internally with HR system
Does it differentiate?
Does it add value?
Calculate the return on investment (ROI)

?Best Practices? versus ?Best Fit??

Best Practices

A set of best-pay practices exists
Practices can be applied universally across all situations
Results in better performance with almost any business strategy
Best Fit

An organization is likely to achieve competitive advantage if the pay system:
Reflects company?s strategy and values
Is responsive to employees? and unions? needs
Is globally competitive

Guidance from the Evidence
Internal alignment
Pay differences among internal jobs can affect results
External competitiveness
Paying higher than the average paid by competitors can affect results
Employee contributions
Performance-based pay can affect results

Guidance from the Evidence
Managing compensation
Consider all dimensions of the pay strategy
Compensation strategy
Should be embedded within broader HR strategy
Identify what practices pay off best under what conditions

Virtuous and Vicious Circles
Research indicates that:
How you pay matters as much as how much you pay
Performance-based pay:
Improves performance when combined with high-performance practices
Can be the best practice under right circumstances


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