Essay on Globalization and Theory of Justice
You must choose TWO of the topics below, and for each one that you choose you must write an essay. The two essays are equally weighted. Each essay should be approximately 1 ½ – 2 single-spaced typewritten pages, font size 12. The essay must be uploaded by 7 AM on Monday, June 29, Eastern Daylight-Saving Time.
In writing this exam, you should display your knowledge of Chapters 1-8 of Onora O’Neill’s Justice Across Boundaries: Whose Obligations?
(For this question, you should use the files called “the good Samaritan” and “Scott Warren”.) How might the parable of the good Samaritan be used to justify the idea that wealthy states should give aid to poor states? Give an account of how we might interpret the story of the good Samaritan below in terms of Kant’s categorical imperative. Explain why this is relevant to O’Neill. Is Scott Warden a good Samaritan? What do you think O’Neill would say about governments that try to prosecute people like Scott Warden? Explain.
(For this question, you should rely on the file called “sittlichkeit”.) Almost certainly, O’Neill would maintain that in a relatively large country like Canada, more than one sittlichkeit can be found. Why should she think so? On the assumption that she is right, what problem does this raise for communitarianism in connection with figuring out what the obligations of Canadians are?
(For this question, you should rely on the files called “gay-rights SCOTUS” and “conflict and gay-rights”) The Supreme Court of the United States has recently decided that discrimination based on sexual orientation is included under discrimination based on sex, so that since in American law people have a right not to be discriminated against on the basis of sex, they also have a right not to be discriminated on the basis of sexual orientation. In American law, too, people have a right to practice their religion. To many people, these rights appear definitely to conflict. According to O’Neill, when apparent conflicts of real rights occur, a delicate, fact-based accommodation must be worked out. In the file called “conflict and gay-rights”, to conservative authors propose an accommodation between the right not to be discriminated against on the basis of sexual orientation, and the right to religious freedom. Briefly summarize the proposal. Do you think that their proposal is satisfactory? Do you think that their proposal would satisfy O’Neill? Give reasons for your answers.
(For this question you need to make use of the file called “economic refugee”.) Currently, Canada, like most countries, does not grant refugee status to coming into the country and claiming – truthfully – that they are fleeing on the basis of their genuinely awful economic and possibly life-threatening economic prospects in their country of origin. Do you think that O’Neill would say that Canadians have an obligation to grant such people refugee status in Canada, so that they could stand eventually become Canadian citizens? Give reasons for your answer. Do you yourself think that Canadians have an obligation to grant such people refugee status in Canada, so that they could stand eventually become Canadian citizens? Give reasons for your answer.