Discuss the notion of artificial intelligence suggested by Turing (1950) and the refutation argument proposed by Searle (1980).
Explain Turing’s article, explaining his idea about artificial intelligence, the study/studies he does (the imitation game, turing test) including the methods and procedures he used and conclusions he made (Any output that is human-like is intelligent, if not it is not intelligent enough – mentioning soft/hard artificial intelligence) Then, present the refutation by Searle (1980) regarding artificial intelligence (It is about meaning not just the output).
The two articles are:
– Turing, A.M. (1950). Computing machinery and intelligence. Mind, 59, 433-460.
– Searle, John. R. (1980) Minds, brains, and programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3): 417-457
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